Performance Management

Transportation Performance Management

Transportation Performance Management (TPM) is an effort to measure and improve the performance of our regional transportation systems. Federal law (the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act [MAP-21]and the Fix America’s Surface Transportation Act [FAST Act]) has mandated the implementation of various performance metrics, so that State Departments of Transportation (DOTs) and Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) make smarter transportation investments and better policy decisions.

The overall scorecards can be viewed below.

PM-1 Safety

The Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) is a Federal-aid program designed to reduce traffic fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads, including non-State-owned roads and roads on tribal land.

Every state department of transportation (DOT) is required to submit to the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) a Highway Safety Improvement Program annual report that:

  • Describes the progress being made to implement highway safety improvement projects;
  • Assesses the effectiveness of those improvements; and,
  • Describes the extent to which the improvements have contributed to reducing fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads.

The safety performance analysis in the report describes the state trends in the federal safety performance measures (and others if desired), established targets, the basis for the targets, and how the targets support the State’s Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP) goals. The FHWA evaluates the state HSIP reports and determines that a State DOT has met or made significant progress toward meeting its safety performance targets when at least four of the targets have been met or the actual outcome is better than the baseline performance. If FHWA determines that a State DOT has not met its targets then the State DOT must obligate the HSIP funds apportioned in the previous year to only HSIP projects and submit a HSIP implementation plan.

State Targets

Hawaii Department of Transportation (HDOT) has developed targets with the goal of reducing crashes in all measures.

HDOT’s Highway Safety Improvement Program Performance Targets, 2023

Safety Performance Measure 201720182019202020212023 Target
1. Number of fatalities 107117108.88594103
2. Fatalities per 100 million VMT 0.9971.0750.9840.9690.9521.057
3. Number of serious injuries 405356574485546506
4. Serious injuries per 100 million VMT 3.7743.275.235.5285.5295.032
5. Number of non-motorized fatalities and non-motorized serious injuries 108128167135137142.2

PM-2 Infrastructure Conditions

The National Highway Performance Program (NHPP) is a core Federal-aid highway program that provides support for the condition and performance of the National Highway System (NHS) and the construction of new facilities on the NHS. The NHPP also ensures that investments of Federal-aid funds in highway construction are directed to support progress toward the achievement of performance targets established in HDOT’s asset management plan for the NHS.

HDOT’s Condition Targets, 2023

Asset Target2-Year Target (2024)4-Year Target (2026)10-Year Goal (2032)
NHS Interstate Pavement
Percent Good20%20%20%
Percent Poor4%4%4%
NHS Non-Interstate Pavement
Percent Good20%20%20%
Percent Poor4%4%4%
NHS Bridge
Percent Good25%30%30%
Percent Poor4%4%4%

PM-3 System Performance

Traffic congestion is common in many places in the United States. In these places, drivers are used to some level of congestion and they expect and plan for some delay, particularly during peak driving times. Drivers typically adjust their schedules or budget extra time to allow for traffic delays. But what happens when traffic delays are much worse than expected? For example, when there is an accident or it’s raining heavily, your normal travel time of 20 minutes could jump to 45 minutes. We are much less tolerant of unexpected delays because they can cause us to be late for work, miss appointments, or incur extra childcare fees etc. The table below shows HDOT’s travel time reliability measures and targets.

HDOT’s Travel Time Reliability Targets, 2023

Performance Measure 2-Year Target (2024)4-Year Target (2026)10-Year Goal (2032)
Travel Time Reliability
% of Reliable Person Miles Traveled on the Non-InterstateN/AN/AN/A
% of Reliable Person Miles Traveled on the InterstateN/AN/AN/A
Interstate Truck Travel Time Reliability IndexN/AN/AN/A

PM4- Transit Asset Management

49 CFR 625 establishes a National Transit Asset Management (TAM) System to monitor and manage the State of Good Repair (SGR) of public transportation capital assets to enhance safety, reduce maintenance costs, increase reliability, and improve performance.

The City and County of Honolulu’s Department of Transportation Services (DTS) targets and transit agency performance are shown in the table below. The targets are useful life goals for the state of good repair of our transit capital.

Performance Measures2021 Target2021 Performance
2022 Target
Rolling Stock
AB - Articulated Bus20.027.9336.04
BU - Bus20.045.6939.61
CU - Cutaway20.038.7438.74
VN - Van20.0100.00100.00
Trucks and other vehicles40.09.5210.53

PM5- Public Transportation Agency Safety Plan

On July 19, 2018, the Federal transit Administration (FTA) published the Public Transportation Agency Safety Plan (PTASP) Final Rule, which requires that operators of public transportation systems that receive Federal funds under FTA’s Urbanized Area Formula Grants to develop safety plans that include the processes and procedures to implement Safety Management Systems (SMS). The Plan must include safety performance targets and be updated and certified annually.

The targets established by DTS are shown in the table below.

1. Total fatalities0
2. Fatalities Rate (per 100K VRM)0
3. Total Injuries4
4. Injuries Rate (per 100K VRM)1.03
5. Safety Events7
6. Rate of Safety Events (per 100K VRM)1.80
7. System Reliability (VRM/failures)75,000